Pelvic binders

Pelvic binding is an important adjunct in the management of the trauma patient with a suspected “open book” pelvis fracture (AP compression type injury – see pelvis fracture classification below) – correct application can reduce the bony ends of the fracture decreasing pain and bleeding from injured bone cortex. There might be some decrease in venous bleeding as well. In the haemodynamically unstable patient this can result in improved blood pressure.

Note that while binding does reduce the volume of the pelvis, bleeding can still extend into the retroperitoneum if the fracture has disrupted the parapelvic fascia, limiting any tamponade effect that pelvic binding might have.

It should be noted that application of a pelvic binder can worsen a lateral shear or vertical compression type fracture. It can be very difficult to discern what type of fracture a patient might have prior to imaging – if in doubt, place a pelvic binder, especially if the patient is unstable.

 

Young Burgess classification of pelvis fractures

Image courtesy of Dr Matt Skalski, https://radiopaedia.org/ From the case https://radiopaedia.org/cases/37824

Types of binders and application

There are various commercially available pelvic binding devices. The most commonly used binder in the Northern Region is the “Sam Pelvic Sling”

Application technique can be seen in this video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KVOk1WB2yhM

If no binder is available, an improvised device can be fashioned using a sheet tied with towel clips anteriorly.

With any binder, the most important thing to note is that the force needs to be applied over the greater trochanters NOT over the iliac crests. 

The binder should remain in place until imaging has been obtained. If there is an open book type injury, the binder should stay on until definitive management is undertaken. It is important that the pubic diastasis is closed radiologically – if not, or if a binder is placed after an initial PXR with this injury, the patient will need to have another PXR to confirm reduction after correct application of the binder.

Patients with lateral compression or anterior shear type injuries will likely not benefit ongoing application of the pelvic binder – however, consult with the orthopaedic team prior to removal.

 

About this guideline

Published: February 2018

Author: Emma Batistich

Approved by: Northern Region Trauma Network, ADHB, WDHB, CMDHB, NDHB

Review due: 2 years